African American History


African American History


African-American History

Collection Items

Underground Railroad - Kelton House
Marker Text: When Fernando Cortez and Sophia Stone Kelton built this house in 1852, it was the last residence on East Town Street and was surrounded by pastureland. Ardent abolitionists, the Keltons were members of the local antislavery society.…

Underground Railroad - Second Baptist Church
Marker Text: Side A:
Second Baptist Church - Columbus' Oldest Black Baptist Church, 1836

Second Baptist Church cordially received its independence as a mission church from the First Baptist Church on January 7, 1836. Rev. Ezekiel Fields was…

Underground Railroad - Rev. James Poindexter
Marker Text:
James P. Poindexter Leads the Anti-Slavery Baptist Church

James Preston Poindexter (1819-1907) became pastor of Second Baptist Church in 1858 after Second Baptist and the Anti-Slavery church merged. He joined the Underground Railroad…

Underground Railroad - Stoner House
Marker Text: The Stoner House, built circa 1862 on a natural spring thought to have medicinal properties, served as an inn, tavern, and spa, and as a hiding place for runaway slaves. George Stoner, owner and operator, drove the stagecoach from…

Underground Railroad - Statehouse Marker
Marker Text:
Side A: The Underground Railroad was neither underground nor a railroad, but a system of loosely connected safe havens where those escaping the brutal conditions of slavery were sheltered, fed, clothed, nursed, concealed, disguised, and…

Underground Railroad - Clinton Chapel/ Southwick Funeral Home
Rev. Jason Bull conducted services in the Clinton Chapel (Methodist Episcopal Church) at this site while his daughter took food and water to runaways hidden in an interior room.

Location: 3100 N. High Street, Columbus, Ohio

Underground Railroad - Neil Mansion
This home was built by Robert Neil in 1856 and later owned by his brother Henry Neil. Ambrose and Catherine Juris were servants for the Neil family for many years. The cellar contains a small enclosed room that may have been used to hide runaway…

Underground Railroad - Ozem Gardner House
Ozem Gardner came to Ohio from Otsego County, New York in 1817. An active member of the Worthington Anti-Slavery Society, he operated an underground railroad station from his home on Flint Road. He traveled the area selling fresh vegetables with…

Underground Railroad - Zenus Jackson Home
Built in 1856, this property was encircled by mounds built by the Adena Indians. It contained two "blind rooms" in the basement.

Location: 3845 Westerville Road, Columbus, Ohio

Underground Railroad - Kimball House
Hannibal H. Kimball used his two-story barn to hide runaways until he could get them to the barn of Samuel Chamberlain further east.

Location: 452 Kimball Place, Columbus, Ohio

Underground Railroad - Sharp Family Homes
Marker Text:
Side A: Sharp Family Homes
The Sharp family homes and their locations on N. State Street and Africa Road mark an important route through Westerville on the Underground Railroad. The family patriarch, Garrit Sharp, was an original…

Underground Railroad - William Hanby House
Marker Text: Bishop William Hanby, (1807-1880) courageous and of strong convictions, publicly voiced his scorn at a law that made it a felony to give food to a hungry slave, or shelter to a friendless man. From pulpit, platform, and workbench he…

Underground Railroad - Christian Heyl House
Johann Christian Heyl was the first German in Columbus. He served on City Council for 14 years, was County Treasurer for 8 years, an associate judge in the Court of Common Pleas for 14 years, was appointed to the first public school board, and was…

Underground Railroad - Mattoon/Woodrow House
This home was built between 1837-1840 at the northwest corner of High and North Street in Worthington. The house was moved to its present location, 72 E. North Street, in 1932. While on High Street, the property was owned by Ansel Mattoon, who…

Underground Railroad - Margaret Agler Home
Known as the white house on the bend of the creek, this home was built in 1841. The home includes a basement tunnel that has collapsed but likely led to nearby Alum Creek. It also has has a hidden crawl space, large enough to hold three people, off…
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