Immigration - Working Class Neighborhoods Marker

Title

Immigration - Working Class Neighborhoods Marker

Subject

Immigration

Description

The history of a city is found not only in its grand old houses, but also in its neighborhoods. While Columbus has its share of grand houses, most residents did not live that lifestyle. Many working class people lived in hotels, apartments, tenements, cabins, and even hovels. Home ownership for the poor and working class was uncommon.

Workers in Columbus from the 1800s through mid-1950s were typically immigrants and predominantly German. Waves of new arrivals from Italy, Ireland, Greece, Hungary, Slovenia, and Croatia joined the Appalachian and African-American communities. Many ethnic groups lived in segregated communities, except in Flytown. There were other working class neighborhoods such as Tintown, The Badlands, and Greek Town, etc.; but, Flytown was the largest and best remembered.

The neighborhood was the first point of entry for many immigrants to Columbus because of its proximity to the railroads. It earned the title of Columbus' “Melting Pot.” It's cheap housing seemed to “fly-up” overnight. Men, women and children from the community worked in the buggy companies, tanneries, shoe factories, railroads, and breweries all along the river.

Former Flytown residents tell of a mixed ethnic neighborhood with a close-knit society that truly crossed age, economic, gender, and race barriers. It's boundaries were roughly Collins Avenue on the North, Spruce Street on the South, Dennison Avenue on the east and the Olentangy River on the west. The Godman Guild, the city's oldest settlement house, provided services for the new arrivals and helped them get adjusted to life in America and Columbus.

As things changed through the years, the area declined into slums. Government and civic leaders decided to change the area through an urban renewal project in the 1950s, and Flytown was virtually leveled to allow for new development.

Files

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Citation

“Immigration - Working Class Neighborhoods Marker,” Teaching Columbus, accessed November 22, 2017, http://teachingcolumbus.omeka.net/items/show/174.