Native Americans - North Bank Park Marker

Title

Native Americans - North Bank Park Marker

Subject

Native Americans

Description

Marker Text: Central Ohio was home to Native Americans as early as 10,000 years ago. While we don't know what they called themselves, archaeologists call a group of the earliest peoples, “Mound Builders”. Their society left nearly 200 burial and ceremonial mounds around Franklin County, and thousands more throughout the Ohio and Mississippi River Valleys.

Several mounds originally rose above the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers, just west of North Bank Park. Most of the Franklin County sites were destroyed. A remaining mound can be found on McKinley Avenue in northwest Columbus.

The commonly known English names of the last Native American nations that lived in the area are Delaware, Mingo, Shawnee, and Wyandot. There were several villages scattered throughout Franklin County. One of the largest was a Mingo village located on the banks of the Scioto River, near this spot, in the 1770s.

Culture clashes occurred between white settlers and the local native population in the late 1700s and early 1800s. Very near this park, a fierce battle ensued between Colonel William Crawford's militia and the Mingo tribes. His attack, timed when the men were out hunting, killed women, children, and the elderly of the tribes.

One mother and child escaped to an island in the middle of the river. She was killed, but hid her child until men returned home. The island later became known as, “Bloody Island”. The island is now underwater due to river widening, dredging, and damming. Crawford was later captured, tortured, and burned at the stake for his raids on Indian encampments.

Tarhe the Crane, a Wyandot chief, signed a treaty with William Henry Harrison here in Columbus. This treaty resulted in a coalition of Native Americans and US troops that helped to defeat the British in the Ohio Country, and ultimately to winning the War of 1812.

With their homelands lost by treaty, most local Native Americans were forced to move to northeastern Ohio, and eventually to Kansas, though some remained here and became part of the new society. (editor's note: northeast Ohio should actually read northwestern Ohio)

Location: Long Street and Neil Ave. - North Bank Park

Files

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Citation

“Native Americans - North Bank Park Marker,” Teaching Columbus, accessed September 25, 2017, http://teachingcolumbus.omeka.net/items/show/120.