Industrialization and Progressivism (1877-1920)

Title

Industrialization and Progressivism (1877-1920)

Description

Ignited by post-Civil War demand and fueled by technological advancements, large-scale industrialization began in the United States during the late 1800s. Growing industries enticed foreign immigration, fostered urbanization, gave rise to the American labor movement and developed the infrastructure that facilitated the settling of the West. A period of progressive reform emerged in response to political corruption and practices of big business.

Items in the Industrialization and Progressivism (1877-1920) Collection

Industrialization - American Federation of Labor
Marker Text : "American Federation of Labor since 1881"
One this site, December 10, 1886, the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Union merged with the trade unionists of the Knights of Labor to create the American Federation of Labor.…

Industrialization - Streetcar Strike
Marker Text: Columbus Streetcar Strike, 1910.
In one of the most violent strikes against a public utility in the United States, members of the Amalgamated Association of Street and Electric Railway Employees (AASERE) struck the Columbus Railway and…

Industrialization - William Green, Labor Leader
Marker Text: William Green, Labor Leader
A native of Coshocton County, William Green (1870-1932) began his working life as a coal miner at age 16 and rose rapidly in the leadership of the United Mine Workers of America. Twice elected to the Ohio…

Industrialization - Samuel Prescott Bush Mansion
The home of Samuel Prescott Bush, former president of Buckeye Steel. He is the grandfather of President George H.W. Bush and the great granfather of President George W. Bush.

New Middle Class - Minerva Park
Maker Text: Minerva Amusement Park
For seven glorious summers, from July 13, 1895 to July 27, 1902, laughter and gaiety rang forth from the first amusement park in Franklin County. With intoxicants banned, the Park was enjoyed by the "respectable"…

Industrialization - United Mine Workers
Marker Text: "United Mine Workers of America"
On this site, January 25, 1890, delegates from the National Progressive Union and the Knights of Labor District Trades Assembly 135 met in convention at old City Hall and founded the United Mine Workers…

Industrialization - Jeffrey Manufacturing
Now the State Library of Ohio, this building on 1st Avenue was once a Jeffrey Manufacturing factory.

In 1876, banker Joseph Jeffrey and several others formed a partnership to develop a machine to mine underground coal. In 1887, Jeffrey bought out…

Transportation - Railroads - North Bank Park Marker
Marker Text:
Columbus entered the railroad era on February 20, 1850 when owners William Neil and Alfred Kelley brought the first trains on the Columbus and Xenia Railroad, spanning the Scioto River with a wooden trestle. The line provided service…

Immigration - Flytown Marker
Marker Text:

Side 1
Flytown was democracy’s melting pot for the city of Columbus. But even more important it became known as a port-of-entry for the immigrant settlers of Central Ohio. New arrivals found friends and relatives who guided them…

Transportation - The Interurban Electric Railway
Marker Text:
The Interurban Electric Railway
In the early 1900s, Ohio led the nation in interurban track mileage. The electrically powered interurban was favored over steam railroads for short distance passenger travel and the transport of local…

Immigration - Flytown Streets
Historic photographs of streets in the Flytown neighborhood in the early 20th century.

Immigration - Flytown Outhouses
Historic photographs of outhouses in the Flytown neighborhood in the early 20th century.

Immigration - Flytown Workers
Historic photographs of workers and industry in Flytown in the early 20th century

Immigration - Flytown Houses
Historic photographs of houses in the Flytown neighborhood in the early 20th century.

Immigration - Working Class Neighborhoods Marker
The history of a city is found not only in its grand old houses, but also in its neighborhoods. While Columbus has its share of grand houses, most residents did not live that lifestyle. Many working class people lived in hotels, apartments,…